Bogor (ANTARA) – The Ministry of Agriculture (Kementan) continues to strengthen the agricultural sector through a program to increase agricultural productivity. One of the efforts made is to maximize farmers and extension workers to utilize modern agricultural technology and balanced fertilization. This is emphasized in the Training of Farmers and Extension Officers.
Farmer and Extension Training will be held from 7 to 14 August 2021 and is carried out in 18 batches.
The Minister of Agriculture (Mentan) Syahrul Yasin Limpo is very concerned about the development of agricultural human resources as the main driving force for the agricultural sector.
“If the land already exists and is good, the water can be controlled properly, the varieties are the best, the technology and mechanization is present, and is supported by government policies, as well as financial support from banks, all of this can only be meaningful if our human resources and young farmers are of good quality. high,” he said.
“Agriculture is needed today, tomorrow and anytime under any conditions. Because agriculture is not only food, but also employment opportunities and touches the recesses of the state and government and presents a strong dimension such as a sense of mutual cooperation and invites other social aspects to promote growing well,” he said.
The same thing was conveyed by the Head of the Agricultural Human Resources Extension and Development Agency (BPPSDMP) of the Ministry of Agriculture, Dedi Nursyamsi. He revealed that increasing the competence and ability of quality agricultural human resources is one of the priority programs of the Ministry of Agriculture.
“To achieve the high productivity target, it must also be supported by qualified agricultural human resources, especially innovation and technology which are now growing. Of course, this is to support national food security, “explained Dedi.
Agricultural Development Polytechnic (Polbangtan) Bogor became one of the UPT organizers of the X wave of farmer and extension training, Thursday (12/8/2021). This activity was attended by 1200 participants via zoom and 300 participants via youtube spread across 73 BPP throughout Maluku and North Maluku.
At the opening of the training, the Head of BPPSDMP again reminded the training participants that agriculture must progress.
“All components such as poktan, gapoktan, KWT, millennial farmers, all must be independent. It is important to be able to change the mindset that exists in farmers. Don’t think about becoming a farmer if you get subsidized fertilizers etc. This means that we are not independent,” said Dedi.
To increase productivity, Dedi also explained that soil fertility needs to be considered by applying proper fertilization.
“Do fertilization according to the demand of the plant. Don’t generalize. Because the needs of each plant are different,” he said.
Balanced fertilization plays an important role in increasing crop yields. Recommendations for fertilization should be made more rational and balanced based on the ability of the soil to provide nutrients and plant needs for nutrients. Thus increasing the effectiveness and efficiency of fertilizer use and production without damaging the environment due to excessive fertilization.
Nutrients N, P, and K are essential nutrients for plants and at the same time become limiting factors for plant growth.
Increasing the dose of fertilizer in the soil can directly increase protein levels, will cause plants to easily fall, be sensitive to pests and diseases and decrease production quality. P fertilization that is carried out continuously regardless of the P content of the soil that is already saturated can also result in a decrease in plant responsiveness to P fertilization.
Furthermore, Dedi added that specifically for urea fertilizer, it should not be just sprinkled on the ground.
“I see there are still many farmers who provide urea fertilizer by sprinkling it on the ground. If exposed to air and light directly, urea will immediately evaporate creating a greenhouse effect. If it rains, it will spill everywhere. In fact, it’s a waste of money,” he added.