Jakarta (ANTARA) – There is an interesting spirit and hope implied in the motto of the celebration of the 76th Independence Day of the Republic of Indonesia: Indonesia Tough, Indonesia Grows.
How do we achieve that dream? It’s been ten years since we declared Indonesia’s existence on the world stage, from the June 2021 World Bank report, our beloved country is still in the lower middle income category. What is missing from the view that the “emerald of the equator” and the many rich potentials of Indonesia seem to be useless?
Reflecting on the perspectives and ways of the founding fathers of the nation.
The founding figures of our nation are truly visionaries. Recorded historical documents also show that our statesmen are very wise and able to manage the potential and strengths that exist in the midst of extraordinary challenges. One of those moments was the proclamation of the Independence of the Republic of Indonesia, August 17, 1945.
A number of challenges confront what has long been aspired. Very minimal armament. Japan was still in power, while the British, Dutch and allied forces were preparing to re-colonize on the back of a weakened Nippon force facing the war in the Pacific.
The internal political map is also prone to division. The gap between the younger generation and the elites who appear as leader quite stretched. Not to mention if we remember ethnicity, race, religion and diversity. Without maturity in managing togetherness, surely the proclamation at that time would be stumbling because each party prioritized the interests of each group.
What is very interesting is the perspective and the way the founding fathers of the nation moved until the declaration of independence was realized. First, they understand that the momentum is not merely the fruit of the activities carried out by the fighters. It is true that the warriors had their share and were full of sacrifices. But the main factor and is considered to be very decisive for independence is: God’s intervention.
The most authentic traces can be seen in the third paragraph of the opening text of the 1945 Constitution which was decided in the sessions of the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence the day after the proclamation. In addition to the phrase “driven by a noble desire, to live a free national life” which refers to the efforts of the fighters, at the opening it is emphasized that we have achieved independence “by the grace of Allah the Almighty”.
The same religious nuance was stated in the meetings a few months before the proclamation. Both in the Small Committee, the Nine Committee, and the Constitution Drafting Committee when formulating the state’s foundations to be used to establish an independent Indonesia, as the foundation, philosophy, deep thoughts. “Filosofische Grondslag,” said Bung Karno.
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From the formulation that was then mutually agreed upon, we can read the thoughts, attitudes and even the constellation of forces that characterize Indonesia’s diversity. Among secular nationalist ideologies, religious groups are also real and play a decisive role. Not just present, the two are united without weakening each other.
The testimony of an important figure in the proclamation of Sayuti Melik as outlined in the article “My Introduction to Bung Karno”, is quite illustrative of the existence and fusion of nationalism and religion. In the book published by Sinar Harapan with the title “80 years of Bung Karno”, the young man who is known as the typist of the proclamation text explains the reasons for the Proclaimer when exploring the values of Pancasila.
For Bung Karno, the basis or philosophy that an independent Indonesia must use apart from “socio-nationalism” and “socio-democracy” is Divinity. ‘Because, the struggle of the Indonesian nation is based on Divinity as well. This understanding is derived from the fact that many struggles are based on religion, “wrote Sayuti Melik.
As a derivative of the principle of divinity, the second interesting thing is the use of the word “blessing” at the opening of the 1945 Constitution. In addition to believing in the existence of God, from a religious perspective, national leaders interpret independence as a gift from God. The most merciful God, who not only answers prayers, but also bestows the Indonesian people with potential, wealth, excellence and strength.
There are eight meanings of blessing in the Big Indonesian Dictionary. Everything revolves around goodness, luck, happiness, benefit, salvation from God. This word is very close to the word blessing. Barokah in Arabic, which again reminds us of the role of religious groups in the political arena of the Indonesian nation.
So, a Tough and Growing Indonesia is not an impossible dream for us to realize. We are optimistic that we can achieve the target to become a great Asian Tiger again in many fields.
In terms of power maps, the composition of religious nationalists has not changed much until now. This can be proven from the emergence of post-reform political parties and their success in gaining public support by bringing up the issue of religious nationalism as an attraction.
The level of the political elite is the same. The combination of these two forces is reflected in the political engine behind the support for the winners of the 2019 legislative and presidential-vice presidential elections. This means that a religious perspective is still firmly rooted in society.
Referring to the experience of the declaration of independence, the current situation strengthens our belief that any difficult challenge can be overcome together if there is unity.
The following question to ponder is regarding the perspective of God. Are there still glasses that make us realize that God’s blessings exist?
After realizing that there is a blessing, our optimism must be sharpened by still understanding that the war actually continues until now. Fighting between countries is a necessity that will never go away. People are often complacent that behind the discourse of building an agreement for the sake of creating global peace, the agenda for the battle of interests has never disappeared.
We should be sad if we are blessed with natural wealth in the form of forests, but other people control the way we take care of the trees, woods and all the contents of the wilderness. We have to feel cheated when we want to export our products abroad. A certificate is used as a shield for the new style of protectionism.
Forests, gold, nickel, petroleum, coal, spices, all are blessings. This natural wealth is buried and grows by itself without our efforts and hard work. Fish, coffee, chocolate, palm oil too. The commodities that the world community needs are among the many blessings that we must take care of. Indonesia has a comparative advantage.
Sunlight, rainfall, soil type is a blessing. We should be grateful when experience and science confirm that the oil palm tree originally from West Africa turned out to be a plant that is very suitable for cultivation in the tropics.
The seeds were brought in 1848 from Bourbon-Mauritius and Amsterdam and planted as collections or ornamental purpose (decorative plants). Seeing a business opportunity, starting in 1870 the Dutch colonial government commercialized it by building oil palm plantations. Thanks to the perfect climate crude palm oil (CPO) produced is indeed tempting, exceeding the productivity of the country of origin.
All the advantages contained in this plant – whether its benefits as food, lifestyle, to renewable energy sources – it will certainly be in vain if we do not overcome various obstacles together.
That is why an understanding of the nature and necessity of war is important. Fights and battles are always there. The understanding of the various blessings we have is the same urgent-it with increase skill and competence in the fields of negotiation and diplomacy. Thus, we can treat the blessing appropriately.
We can really manage God’s gift to Indonesia for the progress of Greater Indonesia. Independent!
*) Mochamad Husni, Communication Practitioner
By Mochamad Husni
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