Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – A number of non-communicable diseases are the cause of premature death in the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) describes heart disease, cancer and dementia as the highest among them.
Heart disease is the leading cause of death globally, and has claimed up to 17.9 million lives every year. This is equivalent to about 32% of all deaths worldwide.
Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally. In 2018, there were approximately 9.6 million deaths.
Meanwhile, dementia on the other hand, greatly affects memory and other cognitive abilities. It significantly impairs a person’s ability to maintain activities of daily living.
The risk factors behind the three are very varied. But all are believed to be closely related to lifestyle.
Quotes ExpressDr Paddy Barrett, a cardiologist at Blackrock Clinic said that high blood pressure, smoking, high blood sugar and cholesterol, and obesity tend to have a large impact on all three diseases. Therefore, he said, one can prevent all three by avoiding all the risk factors.
Prevent cholesterol for example. A person can go through a diet low in saturated fat, salt and sugar. Exercise is also important. Because it can help lower blood pressure associated with serious illnesses.
“If at the age of 50, you are a non-smoker, of normal weight, moderately active, consume very little alcohol and eat a quality diet, you can add 12 to 14 years to your life,” he said.
In addition, early diagnosis for high blood pressure and high cholesterol can also stop the development of further complications. With a number of preventive efforts, he believes a person can have a longer life and a better quality of life.