JAKARTA – The momentum of 76 years of Indonesian Independence has not yet been felt by farmers, ranchers and fishermen. Welfare, intelligence and peace of mind for them have not been realized.
Member of Commission IV of the DPR RI, Johan Rosihan, stated that the commemoration of Independence must be addressed with a number of objective evaluations of current conditions. Especially in the food sector with the object of farmers, breeders, and fishermen. As evidence, Indonesia’s food sustainability index score is much worse than that of Zimbabwe and Ethiopia.
“In this pandemic era, the food crop sector has played a very important role because only the agricultural sector has positive growth but the agricultural budget continues to decrease every year, even in 2020 it was cut to reach Rp 7 trillion,” he said in a written statement, quoted by the DPR’s official website. , Monday (16/8).
He said, the government should make agriculture the basis of the national economy because territorially Indonesia has 86.98 percent of the total villages that have the potential and main income from the agricultural sector. However, national policies do not place agriculture as a development priority.
On the other hand, Indonesia shows a national rice surplus every year but rice imports continue to increase every year.
“Indonesia’s rice productivity ranges from 5.13-5.24 tons/ha and is slightly below Vietnam, but Indonesia’s rice production costs are higher than other ASEAN countries, so Indonesian farmers are not yet prosperous,” he explained.
This PKS politician stated that the government has not succeeded in improving the living standards of farmers to be more prosperous and the various causes of the absence of welfare are indicated by the fact that prices at the farm level always fall at harvest, the exchange rate of farmers is still low, the real wages of farm laborers tend to be low. weakened.
Then there is poverty centered in rural areas, the reality of poor households working in the agricultural sector which reaches 46.3 percent, as well as the development of the poor always increasing, in urban areas it increases by 1.32 percent and in rural areas it increases by 0.6 percent every year. Likewise with the development of the Gini Ratio from 2015-2020 which showed an increase of 0.06 in urban areas and an increase of 0.02 in rural areas.
In the 76 years of Indonesia’s independence, he assessed that it had not shown the presence of public intelligence in the Agriculture sector, as indicated by the results of the BPS Inter-Census Agricultural Survey (Sutas 2018) which showed that there were only 4,501,415 internet users farmers and 28,986,391 non-internet users.
“On the other hand, there is currently a crisis for young farmers, where based on BPS data from 2013 to 2020 there has been a drastic decline in productive age farmers aged 25-34 years, only around 2.9 million young farmers remain,” he said.
Johan said that Indonesia’s independence had not been able to bring peace to the hearts of farmers, which was marked by a land ownership crisis. Most of the farmers only own less than 0.5 hectares of land, even based on BPS data, the number of farmer households with land less than 0.5 hectares has reached 16.25 million households.
“I feel that our farmers are always worried and anxious because there is always a shortage of fertilizers every year, as well as food imports that are getting higher every year which injure national food sovereignty. So as an evaluation of the 76 years of Indonesia’s independence, a state policy line is needed that shows siding with Indonesian farmers, ranchers and fishermen,” he concluded.(gw/fin)