JAKARTA, KOMPAS.TV – Commemorating the 76th Anniversary of the Republic of Indonesia, in addition to staying focused on overcoming the Covid-19 pandemic, it also needs to be used as a momentum to overcome inequality in the archipelago.
Abdul Halim, Executive Director of the Center for Maritime Studies for Humanity, said that inequality is still evident in the midst of an atmosphere of independence, which has entered its 76th year.
“Currently, Indonesia’s economic condition still looks vulnerable as it still depends a lot on a number of factors such as debt and foreign investment,” he said in Jakarta, Tuesday (17/8/2021).
In addition, Abdul Halim is of the opinion that due to the massive conversion of food land, domestic food prices are difficult to catch by the lower middle class.
Meanwhile, related to the food sector, Center for Indonesian Policy Studies (CIPS) researcher Indra Setiawan emphasized the importance of overcoming the inequality of food productivity between regions in order to improve the food security of the archipelago.
“The development of important crop productivity, such as rice and corn, which tend to stagnate in recent years can be overcome by spurring productivity increases outside Java,” said Indra, as quoted from Antara.
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Data from the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) shows that the productivity of rice produced in Java is 23 percent higher than the productivity of rice outside Java.
In addition, the average productivity of rice farmers outside Java only reached 45.78 quintals GKG per hectare, lower than the productivity of rice farmers in Java, which was 56.42 quintals GKG per hectare.
As a result, according to Indra, although the rice harvested area outside Java contributed to around 50 percent of the total national rice harvested area which reached 10.68 million hectares in 2019, the contribution of farmers outside Java to national rice production was only 44 percent.