MONITOR, Jakarta – The Ministry of Agriculture (Kementan) asks the community to have innovations in the utilization of green beans for family and community food.
“How is our task to grow the spirit of planting green beans so that the selling price increases,” said Amirudin Pohan as Director of Various Nuts and Bulbs at a webinar organized by the Directorate General of Food Crops of the Ministry of Agriculture (11/8).
Ali Khomsan, Professor of Food and Nutrition from the Bogor Agricultural Institute, revealed that stunting is a condition of failure to thrive in children due to chronic malnutrition since the fetus, so that children are too short for their age.
So it is important to introduce a variety of foods from an early age. In choosing a variety of foods, so that there are no food ingredients that contain all the nutrients that the body needs.
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“The food we consume must be nutritious, eat it in sufficient quantities, not excessive and not lacking in the latter, it must be safe because what we eat is free from germs, chemicals and harmful objects,” he said.
For example, nuts contain lots of fiber that is beneficial for health, including improving digestion and preventing colon cancer, lowering blood glucose levels, functioning as a prebiotic, controlling obesity and obesity and reducing cholesterol levels in the blood.
Like green beans, it contains 20-25% protein, 77% digestibility, 0.7-1 g/kg fat, 73% unsaturated fat, 27% saturated fat and 62-63% carbohydrates. The fat content of green beans is 1.3%, much lower than that of soybeans (18%).
Therefore, green beans are very good for people who want to avoid high fat consumption. The low fat in green beans causes food and beverages made from green beans not to go rancid easily.
Meanwhile, according to Rudi Iswanto, Researcher of Balitkabi Malang, in the technique of mung bean cultivation, techniques are needed in order to get high production yields.
The conditions that must be met include: land preparation, superior varieties and quality seeds, planting, fertilization, weed control, irrigation, pest and disease control, and post-harvest technology.
“Higher varieties and quality seeds are needed so that the desired results are satisfactory,” he said.
Quality seeds, among others, must be pure and the name of the variety known, high growth power (at least 80%, depending on the seed class) and good vigor, healthy seeds, pithy and not wrinkled, not infected with plant pest organisms (OPT), and not mixed with other plant seeds. or grass seeds.
Meanwhile, Director General of Food Crops, Suwandi, said that production opportunities are still open to be increased by applying good mungbean cultivation technology, the use of varieties will result in higher yields. Suwandi advised farmers to partner consistently. Do not speculate on price fluctuations so that farmers lose the market.
“Partnering with partners who can guarantee market and price certainty,” continued Kelvin.
“I believe the market will continue to be good, because demand is very high and supply is not much. The potential is huge for farmers and other business actors,” said Kelvin.
For information records, the harvested area in 2020 is 184.47 thousand ha with a production of 278.17 thousand tons, and a productivity of 12.04 ku/ha, an average increase of 1.69%. Increased productivity shows an increase in the use of green bean cultivation technology.
Green bean productivity can still be developed by improving cultivation technology, such as the use of certified superior seeds. In the last 8 years, the fulfillment of the need for green beans has not been met from domestic production. This is a challenge as well as an opportunity to develop green beans.
Currently mung bean cultivation is still concentrated on the island of Java, so that the development of mung bean outside Java is still open to be carried out.
Until now, there are 22 varieties of green beans that have been planted by many farmers. Varieties of green beans that have developed such as Murai, Betet, Kutilang, Perkutut, Vima 1, Vima 2, Vima 3, Vima 4 and Vima 5.
So far, there are two ways of cultivating green beans by farmers. Regular cultivation using tugal requires 25-40 kg/ha seeds and the use of herbicides. As well as the spread of cultivation, although the seeds needed are 40-60 kg/ha more.
Seed yields of 1.5-2 tons, with varying production costs of Rp. 2-7 million per ha, will result in a net income of around 12-17 million within 2 months. This is certainly very interesting for farmers to cultivate green beans.
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